Locarno Agreements

A series of international agreements in Locarno, a spa in Switzerland at the northern end of Lake Maggiore. Their aim was to reduce tensions by guaranteeing the common borders of Germany, Belgium and France, as defined in the peace village of Versailles in 1919. Gustav Stresemann, as German Foreign Minister, refused to accept As immutable Germany`s eastern border with Poland and Czechoslovakia, while agreeing that change should occur peacefully. In The spirit of Locarno, Germany was invited to join the League of Nations. In 1936, Hitler sent his troops to the demilitarized Rhineland, denouncing the most important treaty of Locarno. In 1938, he annexed the Sudetenland to Czechoslovakia and invaded Poland in 1939. Between 1923 and 1929, Germany experienced a golden age under the Weimar Republic. Leader Gustav Stresemann helped secure U.S. loans for economic reconstruction and international agreements that helped rebuild Germany`s place among the world`s leading nations. Why were the Stresemann years considered a golden age? The first treaty was the most critical: a mutual guarantee of the borders of Belgium, France and Germany, guaranteed by Great Britain and Italy. The second and third contracts called for arbitration between Germany and Belgium, as well as Germany and France on future disputes.

The fourth and fifth were similar arbitration agreements between Germany and Poland, as well as Germany and Czechoslovakia. Poland and Czechoslovakia, in particular, felt threatened by the Locarno agreements, and these treaties were an attempt to reassure them. Thanks to the Dawes plan, Germany has carried out regular repairs. The success of the Locarno Agreements led, in September 1926, to Germany`s accession to the League of Nations, which sits on the Council as a permanent member. [2] The agreements (1) consisted of a contract of mutual guarantees between Germany, Belgium, France, the United Kingdom and Italy; (2) arbitration contracts between Germany and Belgium, as well as between Germany and France; 3. a communication by the former Allies to Germany declaring the application of sanctions against a state, as provided for in Article 16 of the League of Nations Pact; (4) arbitration contracts between Germany and Czechoslovakia, as well as between Germany and Poland; and (5) guarantee contracts between France and Poland, as well as between France and Czechoslovakia. Locarno Pact (December 1, 1925), a series of agreements by which Germany, France, Belgium, Great Britain and Italy mutually guaranteed peace in Western Europe. The contracts were signed on October 16 in Locarno, Switz. Signed in London on 1 December. The Treaties of Locarno were seven agreements negotiated from 5 to 16 October 1925 in Locarno (Switzerland) and officially signed on 1 December in London, in which Western European allies of the First World War and the new states of Central and Eastern Europe attempted to ensure territorial settlement after the war, in exchange for the normalization of relations with the German Empire (Weimar Republic).

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