6.General implementation of the related EEA-EFTA and Swiss agreements In the question of the Irish border, there is a protocol on Northern Ireland (the “backstop”) attached to the agreement, which defines a position of withdrawal that will only come into force if effective alternative agreements are not demonstrated before the expiry of the transition period. In this case, the UK will eclipse the EU`s common external tariff and Northern Ireland will stick to aspects of the internal market until such an event is carried out. Neither party can unilaterally withdraw from this customs union. The aim of this backstop agreement is to avoid a “hard” border in Ireland, where customs controls are needed.  The new political declaration sets out the framework for future relations between the European Union and the United Kingdom and reflects the Government`s ambition to conclude an ambitious, comprehensive, comprehensive and flexible partnership on trade and economic cooperation with the EU, at the heart of a free trade agreement with the EU, as well as agreements on security and other areas of cooperation. 30.Some litigation procedures under the withdrawal agreement On 15 November 2018, the day after the agreement was presented and the support of the British government, several members of the government resigned, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for leaving the European Union.  The 599-page withdrawal agreement covers the following main areas: The United Kingdom and the European Union reached an agreement at the European Council on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union. The revised withdrawal agreement and the political declaration were discussed and approved at the European Council on 17 October 2019. 7.According to Section 78 insert – protection arising from the EU withdrawal agreement… The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the Irish Backstop, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to avoid a hard border in Ireland after the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union. The protocol provided for a provision of the safety net to deal with the circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements were to come into force at the end of the transition period.
This project has been replaced by a new protocol that will be described as follows. The EU and the UK have reached an agreement on the withdrawal agreement with a revised protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland (abolition of the “backstop”) and a revised political declaration. On the same day, the European Council (Article 50) approved these texts. On 15 January 2019, the House of Commons voted with 230 votes against the Brexit withdrawal agreement the largest vote against the British government in history.  The government may survived a vote of confidence the next day.  On March 12, 2019, the House of Commons voted 149 votes against the agreement, the fourth-biggest defeat of the government in the history of the House of Commons.  A third vote on the Brexit withdrawal agreement, widely expected on 19 March 2019, was rejected by the House of Commons spokesman on 18 March 2019, on the basis of a parliamentary convention of 2 April 1604, which prevented British governments from forcing the House of Commons to vote several times on a subject already voted on by the House of Commons.    An abbreviated version of the withdrawal agreement, in which the annex political statement had been withdrawn, consisted of the test of “substantial amendments,” so that a third vote was held on 29 March 2019, but was rejected by 58 votes.  EU and UK negotiators have reached an agreement on the draft withdrawal agreement allowing the European Council (Article 50) to adopt guidelines for the future EU-UK relationship on 23 March 2018.